In 2017, the diseases of the circulatory system and the malignant neoplasms continued to be the two main underlying causes of death in the country, accounting for 29.4% and 25.0% of all deaths, respectively. Following the trend in recent years, mortality caused by the diseases of the circulatory system continued to decrease, in contrast to that of malignant neoplasms, which continued to increase. The diseases of the respiratory system remained the third cause of death, with 11.6% of total mortality in the country.
The cerebrovascular diseases, also called strokes, caused the larger number of deaths in 2017 (11,270), accounting for 10.2% of mortality.
Deaths caused by ischemic heart disease (7,314) accounted for 6.6% of mortality. Compared to other diseases of the circulatory system, namely cerebrovascular diseases and acute myocardial infarction, the ischemic heart disease shows relatively more deaths for the age groups below 65 years.
Among deaths due to malignant neoplasms, it stood out those caused by malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung, representing 3.8% of the total, and by malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus, with 3.5%. The crude mortality rate due to malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchi and lung significantly increases for age groups above 45 years old.
Pneumonia is one of the main diseases of the respiratory system, which caused 5,623 deaths in 2017, representing 5.1% of mortality in 2017.
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