Despite the progressive spread of the pandemic throughout the national territory, its impact continues to be characterised by high regional heterogeneity, both from the point of view of the cases registered and from the point of view of socioeconomic impact. Some of the results presented in this context:
• The preliminary total number of deaths between 1 March and 24 May 2020 is 2 374 higher than the number registered in the same period in 2019 and 1 133 higher than in the same period in 2018. The positive variation compared to 2019 results mainly from the increase in the number of deaths in persons aged 75 and over (+ 2 262). In 172 municipalities the number of deaths registered between April 27 and May 24 was higher than the same reference value (average number of deaths in the same period in 2018 and 2019).
• In Portugal, for every 10,000 inhabitants there were 32.6 confirmed cases of COVID-19. The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 disease per 10 thousand inhabitants was above the national value in 50 municipalities. The analysis of the relationship between the number of confirmed cases per 10 thousand inhabitants and population density highlights a set of 34 municipalities with values above the national average in both indicators.
• Comparing the situation on March 25 and June 3, it can be seen that the territorial dispersion of the number of confirmed cases of infection has increased. However, based on the analysis of the most recent developments, it was possible to observe an increase in geographical concentration. In fact, the relationship between the number of confirmed cases per 10 thousand inhabitants and the number of new confirmed cases per 10 thousand inhabitants (between May 28 and June 3) shows ten municipalities with values above the national average in both indicators, with six standing out due to their population size: Amadora, Loures, Odivelas, Sintra, Lisboa and Porto [see Figure 11].
• Based on the analysis focused on the two metropolitan areas, it was possible to observe that there has been a progressive slowdown in the number of new cases registered in the Metropolitan Area of Porto and, in turn, a progressive increase in the number of new cases in the Metropolitan Area of Lisboa, with this region registering figures above the national average since April 30 [see Figure 12].
In parallel to this press release, INE releases today an application with information that allows a territorial analysis of the demographic context and the socioeconomic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Portugal [see Box 1].
As part of Statistics Portugal's Statslab, this press release also presents data on population mobility at the regional level provided by Facebook's "Data for Good" initiative [see Box 2].