The percentage of protected areas for biodiversity in 2019 both in Portugal (21%) and In Spain (21%) was higher than that of the European Union as a whole (18%). There are major differences between EU countries concerning this matter, with the highest recorded in Slovenia (38%) and the lowest in Denmark (8%).
In 2019, Spain had the second highest unemployment rate in the European Union (14.1%), only exceeded by Greece (17.3%). Portugal, at 6.5%, was 0.2 p.p. above the figure for the EU as a whole; the Czech Republic recorded the lowest figure (2.0%).
The product class “Motor vehicles, tractors, cycles, and other land vehicles...” was the most traded between the two countries in 2019, representing 10.1% of Portugal's exports to Spain and 14.7% of Spain's exports to Portugal.
Since 2014, the volume of goods transported by rail followed the same trend in Portugal and Spain. However, considering the whole decade 2010-2019, Portugal saw a reduction of 7.2% between the initial and final figures, while in Spain the difference was +21.7%.
These and other relevant themes are covered in the publication “The Iberian Peninsula in figures – 2020”.
See the Publication